Ny risikofaktor for teen-age selvskade

En manglende eller dårligt fungerende følelsesmæssig intelligens fører til dårlige strategier og øger sandsynligheden for selvpåført skade blandt teenagere, hævder en undersøgelse offentliggjort i British Journal of Clinical Psychology.

Undersøgelsen, som er foretaget af Moira Mikolajczak fra Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgien, KV Petrides fra London Psychometric Laboratory ved University College London og Jane Hurry fra Institute of Education undersøgt niveauet af selvpåført skade, følelsesmæssige intelligens og klare strategier hos 490 engelske gymnasieelever.

“People who turn to self harm claim to do so to regulate their emotions, which indicates that they cannot manage their feelings in a healthy way. We wanted to better understand the underlying psychological issues that lead adolescents to harm themselves.”

udtaler Dr. Petrides.
Af de 490 studerende der deltog, rapporterede 132 (27 pct) at de med fuld overlæg har skadet sig selv enten ved at slå sig selv eller ved at skære sig eller tage en overdosis af narkotika. 65 pct af de selvskadende teenagere havde milde til svære symptomer på depression.

“We found that teenagers who self harmed had both significantly lower scores on a measure of emotional intelligence and were more likely to use maladaptive coping strategies such as self criticism or self blame. This suggests that self harm is a desperate attempt to reduce the negative feelings that are worsened by their poor and ineffective emotional coping strategies.”

“However efficient self harm may be at reducing negative emotions in the short term, this is at the cost of serious physical injury and longer term psychological problems. These findings will help us develop coaching programmes for the treatment of self harm patients that focus on developing both better methods of coping and boosting emotional intelligence.”

Kilde: British Psychological Society

Adolescents choosing self-harm as an emotion regulation strategy: The protective role of trait emotional intelligence. Mikolajczak, Moïra; Petrides, K. V.; Hurry, Jane. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Volume 48, Number 2, June 2009 ,pp. 181-193(13)

Skriv et svar

Din e-mailadresse vil ikke blive publiceret. Krævede felter er markeret med *