Psykisk syge børn oftere kriminelle som voksne

Børn og unge der har en psykisk lidelse som angst eller depression og en adfærdsforstyrrelse eller et misbrug, er oftere kriminelle end andre som voksen.


Tidsskriftet The American Journal of Psychiatry offentliggør i november 2007 udgaven et omfattende prospektiv, population-baseret studie om psykiske lidelser hos børn og unge om risikoen for at blive kriminel.

Omkring 50% af unge der blev arresret for kriminalitet har en historie med psykiske lidelser i barndommen.

De mest voldelige unge havde typisk både en emotionel forstyrrelse (angst eller depression) og en adfærdsforstyrrelse (misbrug eller adfærdsforstyrrelse).

“It wasn’t just the kids who had prior behavioral problems, it was kids who had prior behavioral plus emotional problems in childhood that were at the highest risk [of later committing a criminal act], and that’s something that hasn’t really been documented to this point,” lead author William E. Copeland, PhD, from Duke University Medical Center, in Durham, North Carolina, told Medscape Psychiatry.

“We can reliably assess these disorders in childhood, we do have effective treatments for many of these disorders, and it’s much cheaper to treat the psychiatric disorders in childhood than to pay for incarceration in adulthood,” he added.

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Kilder:

Do Childhood Mental Disorders Cause Adult Crime? (Editorial), Thomas Grisso, Ph.D., Am J Psychiatry 164:1625-1627, November 2007.

Childhood Psychiatric Disorders and Young Adult Crime: A Prospective, Population-Based Study; William E. Copeland, Shari Miller-Johnson, Gordon Keeler, Adrian Angold, and E. Jane Costello; Am J Psychiatry 2007 164: 1668-1675, November 2007.

Childhood Psychiatric Disorders Predict 1 Path to Young-Adult Crime, Medscape, November 14, 2007

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