Tag-arkiv: Psychiatry

Psykopater har ændret hjerne i forhold til almindelige mennesker

Molecular PsychiatryProfessor Declan Murphy og kollegerne dr. Michael Craig og dr. Marco Catani fra Institute of Psychiatry ved King’s College London har fundet forskelle i hjernen, som kan give en biologisk forklaring på psykopati. Resultaterne af deres undersøgelse er beskrevet i artiklen ‘Altered connections on the road to psychopathy’ i tidsskriftet Molecular Psychiatry.

Forskerne undersøgte hjernens biologi hos psykopater med domme for mordforsøg, manddrab, voldtægter med kvælning eller falsk fængsling. Forskerne anvendte en stærk billeddannelse teknik, en såkaldt diffusions-tensor billeddannelse (traktografi) (diffusion tensor MRI (DT-MRI)), der kan lave in vivo billeder. Det var for at sætte fokus på de biologiske forskelle i hjernen, der underbygger disse former for adfærd og at give en mere omfattende forståelse af strafferetlig psykopati.

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From Freud to MR scan (Video)

Aaron BeckAn hour-long exploration “From Freud to the mysteries of the human brain”. Topics include Sigmund Freud and the study of psychoanalytics, information storage and processing, learning, remembering, perception, thinking, feeling, and behavior.

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Judith Beck og Michael Tompkins om kognitiv terapi (radio interview)

Den amerikanske radio station KQED har et interessant interview med de to kognitive psykologer Judith Beck og Michael Tompkins hvor de diskuterer kognitv terapi.

Du kan streame eller hente interviewet som mp3

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How is mental health and mental illness portrayed in contemporary film

Psychflix is a website dedicated to looking at how mental health and mental illness are portrayed in contemporary film. It includes an extensive review section, and a series of articles that analyse the representation of everything from psychiatry to psychosis on the silver screen.

Hat Tip: Mind Hacks

Family Functioning of Children With OCD and Comorbid ADHD

New research:
Adaptive, Emotional, and Family Functioning of Children With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine adaptive, emotional, and family functioning in a well-characterized group of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to evaluate the influence of comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on the levels of impairment in various functional domains.
RESULTS: The children with OCD only were more impaired than were unaffected comparison subjects in most areas of adaptive functioning and emotional adjustment. Children with OCD plus ADHD had additional difficulties in social functioning, school problems, and self-reported depression. Impairment in daily living skills, reduced number of activities, and self-reported anxiety were uniquely associated with the diagnosis of OCD. Family dysfunction was associated with ADHD but not with OCD. CONCLUSIONS: Children and adolescents with OCD are impaired in multiple domains of adaptive and emotional functioning. When comorbid ADHD is present, there is an additional burden on social, school, and family functioning.

Article from The American Journal of Psychiatry: 162:1125-1132, June 2005

Handbook of OCD: Concepts and Controversies

A new very interesting book is being published july 2005.

Handbook of OCD: Concepts and Controversies
Jonathan S. Abramowitz (Editor), Arthur C. Houts (Editor)

Product Details:
Concepts and Controversies in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Series: Series in Anxiety and Related Disorders,
Abramowitz, Jonathan S.; Houts, Arthur C. (Eds.)
2005, XIV, 803 p. 5 illus., Hardcover
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

You can pre-order it at amazon.co.uk

Here is some information about the book:

Few conditions are as fascinating to a psychologist as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and few generate as much controversy. Experts disagree over topics related to classification, etiology, and treatment, and differing points of view also occur along disciplinary lines between psychology and psychiatry. Because of the insularity of various scientific communities that study OCD, there is rarely a forum for examining these issues from various perspectives, and for trying to provide a more complex and multifaceted picture of the disorder. This volume creates such a forum.


Double-Blind Treatment With Oral Morphine in Treatment-Resistant Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

For people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who have not been helped by standard drug treatments, a weekly dose of oral morphine may ease their symptoms, according to a small pilot study.